Makar sankranti is a Hindu festival that marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Makara (Capricorn). It usually falls on January 14th or 15th, and it is celebrated with various cultural and regional variations across India. Here are five reasons why Makar Sankranti is celebrated:
Makar Sankranti is primarily celebrated as a harvest festival. It marks the end of the winter solstice and the beginning of longer days. Farmers express gratitude for a bountiful harvest and pray for a prosperous agricultural season ahead.
The festival is also significant as it marks the sun’s transition into the zodiac sign of Makara (Capricorn). In Hinduism, this celestial event is considered auspicious, and devotees believe that taking a holy dip in rivers during this time cleanses them of sins.
Kite Flying Tradition:
Kite flying is a popular tradition during Makar Sankranti, especially in North India. It is believed that flying kites is a way of reaching out to the gods and goddesses and seeking their blessings for good health and prosperity. The sky is filled with colorful kites, making it a vibrant and joyous celebration.
Makar Sankranti is celebrated with diverse cultural practices and rituals across different regions of India. In South India, it is known as Pongal and is marked by the preparation of a special dish using newly harvested rice. In Maharashtra, people exchange tilgul (sesame and jaggery sweets) and say “Tilgul ghya, goad goad bola,” which means “Take tilgul and speak sweet words.”
Worship of Deities:
People also worship various deities during Makar Sankranti. In some regions, the sun god, Surya, is worshipped, while in others, Lord Vishnu is honored. Devotees offer prayers, perform rituals, and visit temples during this time.
Overall, Makar Sankranti is a festival that symbolizes the spirit of , the onset of longer days, and the celebration of cultural diversity across different regions of India. The festival fosters a sense of community, joy, and reverence for nature and its cycles.