Daily Aware

Daily Aware


Mystery of Salt #1

WE ALL EAT SALT IN OUR DAILY LIVES , but do we know why should we eat salt , what are the harms of consuming excessive salt

, what is the maximum and minimum amount of salt to be consumed in one day-‘

So here is why should we eat salt:

Eating salt, specifically sodium chloride, is essential for several reasons related to the body’s health and functioning:

Electrolyte Balance: Sodium is a crucial electrolyte that helps maintain the balance of fluids in and around your cells. It’s essential for hydration and the proper function of cells and organs.

if you don’t know about Electrolyte balance click on the link given below-


Nerve Function: Sodium ions play a critical role in the generation and transmission of electrical signals in the nervous system. These signals are vital for muscle contractions and communication between different parts of the body.

Blood Pressure Regulation: While excessive salt intake can lead to high blood pressure, an adequate amount of sodium is necessary to maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Sodium helps control the body’s blood volume and pressure.

Absorption of Nutrients: Sodium aids in the absorption of certain nutrients in the small intestine, including glucose and amino acids, which are crucial for energy and the building blocks of proteins, respectively.

Prevents Hyponatremia: Consuming too little salt can lead to hyponatremia, a condition characterized by low sodium levels in the blood. Symptoms can include headaches, nausea, muscle spasms, confusion, and in severe cases, seizures and coma.

salt used in cooking


But as we know excess of anything can cause harms same goes with salt :

Consuming excessive salt can have several adverse effects on your health, primarily because it leads to an increase in blood pressure and a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. Here’s a breakdown of the potential harms:

 High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Salt (sodium chloride) can cause the body to retain water. If you eat too much salt, the extra water stored in your body raises your blood pressure. High blood pressure is a leading risk factor for heart disease and stroke.

Heart Disease: Over time, high blood pressure can damage your heart, leading to heart disease. This includes conditions like heart failure, where the heart is unable to pump blood effectively.

Stroke: High blood pressure can cause the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the brain to become narrowed or blocked. This can lead to stroke, which occurs when part of the brain is deprived of oxygen and nutrients.

 Kidney Disease: The kidneys filter excess fluid and waste from your blood—a process that depends on a delicate balance of sodium and potassium. Too much salt can increase the amount of protein in the urine, a major risk factor for kidney disease. Over time, high blood pressure can also damage the arteries around the kidneys, affecting their ability to function properly.

Osteoporosis: Some research suggests that a high-sodium diet can increase calcium loss through urine, which in turn could lead to loss of bone density and osteoporosis, especially in postmenopausal women.

Stomach Cancer: There’s evidence to suggest that a high-salt diet may increase the risk of stomach cancer, possibly by damaging the stomach lining or by making it more susceptible to carcinogenic effects of certain bacteria like Helicobacter pylori.

Obesity: High salt intake may also be linked to obesity, although indirectly. Foods that are high in salt are often high in calories and fat as well, which can contribute to weight gain.

Fluid Retention: Consuming too much salt can lead to fluid retention, which can cause swelling in the hands, feet, and other parts of the body. This is particularly problematic for people with heart failure or kidney disease.

Affects Cognitive Function: Emerging research suggests that high sodium intake could negatively affect cognitive function and may be linked to a higher risk of dementia, though more studies are needed to understand this relationship better.

patient sufferng from heart disease due to eating excessive salt

so , i think i should tell you all about maximum and minimum amount of sodium in one day:

To minimize these risks, it’s important to follow dietary guidelines for sodium intake. For most adults, this means consuming no more than 2,300 milligrams a day, with an ideal limit of no more than 1,500 milligrams per day for most adults, especially those with high blood pressure.

but you should not think eating less salt will help you there are many harms of eating less salt like:

Eating too little salt can also lead to several health issues, although it’s less common than the problems associated with excessive salt intake. Sodium is an essential nutrient that plays a critical role in body functions, including fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle function. Here are some potential harms of consuming too little salt:

Hyponatremia: This is a condition characterized by low sodium levels in the blood, which can be dangerous. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and include nausea, headache, confusion, fatigue, and at extreme levels, seizures and coma. Hyponatremia can occur in athletes who consume excessive amounts of water without adequate sodium replenishment, among others.

Orthostatic Hypotension: This is a form of low blood pressure that happens when you stand up from sitting or lying down. Sodium deficiency can exacerbate this condition, leading to dizziness or fainting.

Increased Risk of Heart Disease: Some studies suggest that both too much and too little salt can be harmful to the heart. A low-sodium diet may increase levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, which are risk factors for heart disease.

Insulin Resistance: There is some evidence that a low salt intake could increase insulin resistance, which is the inability of the body to efficiently use insulin. This can be a precursor to type 2 diabetes.

Dehydration: Sodium plays a key role in maintaining the body’s fluid balance. Too little sodium can disrupt this balance, leading to dehydration, especially in situations of heavy sweating or in hot climates.

Impaired Nerve and Muscle Function: Sodium is crucial for the transmission of electrical signals in the body. Inadequate sodium intake can impair this signal transmission, leading to muscle weakness, cramps, or, in severe cases, neurological problems.

Decreased Blood Volume: Sodium helps regulate blood volume. Too little sodium can lead to decreased blood volume, which can cause hypotension (low blood pressure) and reduce the amount of oxygen reaching organs and tissues.

It’s important to note that sodium needs can vary significantly depending on age, activity level, climate, and health status. While too much salt is a common problem in many diets, especially those high in processed foods, ensuring an adequate intake is also essential for maintaining good health. The American Heart Association recommends aiming for an ideal limit of no more than 1,500 milligrams of sodium per day for most adults, while also not dropping too low. As always, individuals with specific health conditions should consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice.


the link given above is on the benefits of olive oil :


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